In general, the WordPress files will be installed under the root directory. But, sometimes they can be installed under sub-directories such as "/wp" or "/wordpress". In this case, visitors need to include the sub-directory path too in the browser address field to access (for example, by entering "www.abc.com/wp/" or "www.abc.com/wordpress/".) It's not so reasonable. So some beginners tend to change the site URL in the Dashboard by accident.
You can change the WordPress Address (URL) and the Site Address (URL) under Settings > General.
- WordPress Address (URL) - The full URL of the directory containing your WordPress core application files (e.g., wp-config.php, wp-admin, wp-content, and wp-includes)
- Site Address (URL) - The address you want people to type in their browser to reach your WordPress site. This is the directory where WordPress's main index.php file is installed. (Source: WordPress Code - Settings General Screen)
What will happen when you change the WordPress Address and Site URL to the Root directory such as "www.abc.com" while the WordPress files are placed under the sub-directory "/wp"? As soon as you click "Save Changes" after changing the WordPress Address and Site Address, an error message like the following will appear:
The requested URL /wp-login.php was not found on this server.
When you enter your WordPress site address (such as www.abc.com), the following message will be displayed:
You don't have permission to access / on this server.
When you are new to WordPress, you will be at a loss. You can resolve this problem using the following two methods:
Many webhosting companies provide the DB Recovery feature as a standard service. Please consult your webhosting company and check they offer such a service. If you can restore your database, you will be able to restore your site easily. If not, you will need to correct the WordPress Address and the Site URL by accessing your Database.
Modify the WordPress Address and the Site URL in the database
Before you follow this method, I recommend you to backup your database. This is done by accessing your Database using the tool named "phyMyAdmin." Please log into your webhosting company site using your account and password, and search a menu such as database. You will find "phpMyAdmin."
After clicking "phyMyAdmin", please select an appropriate Database name which matches your WordPress site. And then click "wp_options" (or similar) under the left panel.
Your screen might be different from the above screen.
- Click "wp_options" or similar name (1)
- Click "Browse" (2)
- Search the option names "siteurl" and "home" (3)
Now you need to modify siteurl and home option names. You should be careful when changing the database. Please click the Edit icon (a pencil shape) and change the URL address to your original address. Click "Go" to save the changes. Please repeat this changes to both option names "siteurl" and "home". Now you should access your WordPress by entering, for example, "www.abc.com/wp."
Changing the WordPress site address to Root from a sub-directory
Let's learn how to setup WordPress to be accessed by entering the Root site address without sub-directory name (e.g. "www.abc.com") while the WordPress files were installed under a sub-directory such as "/wp."
Please change the Site Address (URL) to the root site address by taking the sub-directory name out under Settings > General in the WordPress Dashboard.
Now we need to copy the index.php file to the Root directory. Please copy the index.php file under the WordPress directory in the server to your local computer (under a "temp" directory) using FTP.
Please open the index.php file and modify one line:
Please change the line "require( dirname( __FILE__ ) . '/wp-blog-header.php' );" to add the sub-directoy path.
require( './wp/wp-blog-header.php' );
(Of course, "wp" should be changed to the sub-directory name where your WordPress files were installed.)
Please upload the modified index.php file to the root directory of your website.
All done. Now you should access your site without problems.