Divi Custom Blog Modules
I currently use Divi by Elegant Themes in this blog. Divi has two Blog Module layouts besides the Post Slider module.
There are two Blog Module layouts: Fullwith & Grid.
You can customize Blog Module as you wish, but it's not easy. I added a custom Blog Module to use on my blog.
As you see, it lists the posts along with thumbnails on the left. Thumbnails are hidden in mobile devices. The source code can be found from the Divi forum. But you might need to modify the source code to adapt to your site.
If you need more blog modules, you can try to use Divi Custom Blog Modules.
Divi Custom Blog Modules has 12 new and exclusive customizer options.
Once purchased, you are free to use this "Divi Custom Blog Modules" plugin for both personal and commercial use on as many sites as you like for as long as you like.